Different Types Of Treadmill

There are different types of treadmills on the market that differ from each other technically and optically. 

The main differences are in the range of functions. In general, two types of treadmills can be assumed: electrical and mechanical treadmills. 

Here are the main features of these two types of treadmills:


Product Name

Speed (Max.)

Weight Capacity



12 MPH

350 lbs

72.5"x 35.25" x 57.75" 

12 MPH

400 Lbs

84.5" x 38.5" x 54.7" 

12 MPH

309 lbs

78.8" x 39.2" x 63"

16 MPH

420 LB

83" x 35" x 62" 

12 MPH

300 LB

 35"× 27.6"× 54.7"

These treadmills are the most common. The belt is driven by an electric motor, and the motor also stops it. They offer various training programs that can either be pre-programmed or controlled manually. 

Continuous speed and natural running feel are clear advantages of this type of treadmill.

   Mechanical treadmill:

This type of treadmill is not set in motion by an electric motor, but by muscle power alone. The belt only moves as long as the runner moves. The advantage of this type of treadmill – if the runner slows down or stops, the treadmill slows down or stops. 

This, in turn, enables the speed to be regulated continuously, which is not possible with an electric treadmill. In addition to endurance, training on a mechanical treadmill also requires a lot of strength, which is also trained here.

The most popular treadmills have an electric drive. There are various treadmill types among the electrically powered treadmills, which are divided according to interest, age, training goal, or available space.

 Some treadmills are foldable, for example, so that they can be stowed away to save space. Others are designed for use in offices or at home. For older people, there are extra treadmills that are optimally adapted to their physical possibilities. 

To choose the right treadmill, you first need to understand why one treadmill works better for your goal than another. The training goal specifies the choice of a treadmill: should it be used for walking, running, jogging, or for an ambitious running workout

Treadmills with a speed of 1 to 8km / h are so-called walking treadmills, from 8km / h, one speaks of jogging or running treadmill.

Treadmill differences: resilience

The maximum load capacity is one of the most important purchase criteria for a treadmill purchase. Depending on the purpose for which the treadmill is used, you should know its maximum and adapt it to your own needs. The entry-level models start with a load capacity of around 120 kilograms. The profile tapes can even handle 200 kg or more without any problems. The maximum load capacity also says something about the robustness of a treadmill.

Treadmill difference: price

When buying a treadmill, the price often plays a major role. Treadmills are available in different price ranges. Depending on your personal goal and available budget, there are treadmills for relatively little money – around $ 200 and the premium class’s treadmills, which are available for over $ 2,000. The price usually decides what equipment and quality can be expected. Treadmills in the lower price range are specially intended for private use, while the more expensive machines are intended for commercial purposes.

Treadmill difference: treadmill speed

Which treadmill you choose depends on various factors. The maximum running speed is one of them. For a treadmill for seniors or walkers, a speed of up to 10km / h is enough. Fitness enthusiasts and ambitious runners are better served with a faster treadmill.

Treadmill brands

There are treadmills from various manufacturers on the market for fitness and sports equipment. Everyone will find something for themselves here. Treadmills for seniors, for home use, gyms, or the office, are only a small part of the product range. Buying a treadmill is a major investment, so you should familiarize yourself with the different brands before buying. In a direct manufacturer comparison, you can discover a suitable treadmill for yourself. A practical brand overview serves as a good guide for the planned treadmill purchase.

Running on the treadmill – that’s how it works.

Running on the treadmill is technically not too different from running outdoors. You stand on it, and in principle, you can start right away. Before the actual training begins, however, as a precaution, you should attach the safety key to the waistband (for electric treadmills). If you fall during the training, the safety key is released from the display, and the device is automatically switched off. It is best to always use the emergency key, even if you are an experienced runner. For running training to be successful and the support apparatus not to suffer, a few points should be observed:

  • The optimal posture: the feet are hip-wide apart, the toes point forward. Keep the spine straight. The pelvis is aligned. During a training session, you should consciously check your posture repeatedly to make the training as efficient as possible. In the gyms, you often come across mirrors that are set up in front of the treadmills. This is a perfect way to check your posture.
  • Tilt angle: You don’t move forward on a treadmill, so your gravity cannot be used for propulsion. However, if you increase the inclination angle to 1 to 2 degrees, you get comparatively similar running conditions outdoor running. The hip must not be bent so that the back is relieved. The ankles should remain relaxed during the run.
  • Keep your step short and lift your heels: when using this walking technique, the legs’ power transmission is reduced when landing on the belt. The legs should swing forward as little as possible into the treadmill. Rather, the feet should swing backward when landing on the midfoot. This running technique minimizes the impact forces in the lower legs, knees, and hips.
  • Rotation of the pelvis: It should rotate with each step – if the leg swings back, then the pelvis should also be pulled back. What is it good for? As a result, the pelvis rotates along the vertical axis, and the impact shock on landing is largely absorbed by the belt.
  • General information: The gaze should be directed to the front; the arms are bent in a 90-degree position and sway loosely at the waist. Keep the shoulder area relaxed while running and not pull the shoulder convulsively, but let it down.

What does running on the treadmill bring?

Training on the treadmill has many advantages. On the one hand, it is an optimal balance and additional training for runners and athletes from other disciplines. Running on the treadmill is independent of the weather – whether it is cold outside, the treadmill offers training in pleasant temperatures free of injury and risk. Also, running on the treadmill is particularly gentle on the joints, especially the knee joints, remain particularly protected. Sure, running in the great outdoors is not a problem for a real runner even in bad weather, but treadmills offer a perfect alternative for people with certain restrictions. However, training on the treadmill is also a good option for experienced runners to optimize their running technique and work effectively on their running style.

  • Correct cadence. The cadence should range between 85 and 90 steps per minute. To determine the cadence, concentrate on the second hand on the display clock – every three steps should pass another second. At this pace, you take exactly 90 steps per minute. The modern treadmills offer cadence measurement.
  • Pay attention to speed. Do not run too fast – especially initially; the speed should remain in the lower area (trot) (depending on the performance between 6 and 8 km / h). After a few minutes of warming up, you can slowly increase your running speed to the target pace.
  • Hold your knees up. The heel (including the knee) should be raised slightly higher than when running outdoors to reduce the impact.
  • Treadmills are not the same as running outdoors. If you expect good running results, running training should not be done exclusively on the treadmill. The device takes a lot of work off a runner. If you go outside and expect the same running results as on the treadmill, you may experience disappointment – unexpectedly, you get out of breath faster and cannot run as long or as fast. To avoid this, the training should be varied between running outdoors and on a treadmill.
  • Intervals or speed runs. These training methods should only be completed on high-quality treadmills. Otherwise, it is better to run outdoors. If you want to increase the load or level of difficulty of the training on the treadmill, an increase in the inclination angle brings an increase in the training intensity.
  • Technology is the be-all and end-all. Marathon runners should use the treadmill, especially in winter, to work on their running technique undisturbed

Buy a treadmill – that’s what matters.

Buying a treadmill is not an easy task because you, as a customer, are confronted with a multitude of different devices on the market. The price range between 100 and 2,000 euros does not make the decision easier. So what do you have to pay attention to before choosing a treadmill? The most important decision features at a glance:

Treadmill: advantages and disadvantages

Fitness enthusiasts often underestimate training on the treadmill; it is often only used to warm up. A good treadmill is an excellent training alternative for running training outdoors. In some respects, it even offers advantages over training outdoors.

The advantages of treadmill training:

  • Running on the treadmill is independent of the weather. That is the biggest advantage of the treadmill – you can run whenever you want and in any weather. Problems like snow-covered and slippery roads, darkness, or potholes are not a problem with treadmill training. The damping corresponds approximately to a run on the forest floor, which is also gentle on the joints. For heavy joggers or runners with joint damage, treadmills are the better alternative.
  • Improve running technique. As a rule, it is difficult to concentrate on the correct running technique when running outdoors. Rather, you have to watch out for pedestrians, potholes, bumps, or strollers, which significantly weakens the walking technique’s focus. On the treadmill, on the other hand, you are not distracted so much and can work on your technique undisturbed. If you want to professionally analyze your running technique, then a treadmill is the ideal tool for video analysis.
  • You have targeted training control. Training is more controlled on the treadmill; you set the pace and incline yourself and have your heart rate and distance in view all the time. With modern treadmills, the pace is automatically adjusted to the specified pulse – if the pulse increases, the pace is reduced.
  • Treadmill training gives the athlete precise feedback on their training activities. The distance covered, average heart rate or calories burned are easier to read on a treadmill display and provide additional training motivation.
  • The treadmill offers more entertainmentTraining in the field requires a good concentration on the environment, on a treadmill; however, the runner has a wide range of entertainment. You can listen to music, talk to your partner, or even watch TV. Of course, that always remains a matter of taste, while other people prefer the fresh air and the forest’s natural sounds when running.

The disadvantages

Running training in nature is more varied.

Treadmill training also has some disadvantages. The treadmill’s training performance cannot be compared 1: 1 with the performance during outdoor training. For example, if you can do 10km on a treadmill in 45 minutes, you will most likely not be able to do this outdoors. You just have to fight the wind outside, and the muscles have to do more coordinative work than when running indoors. Running on the treadmill can also be dangerous – the line of sight controls the running direction. The band is usually no wider than 1m, which makes it easier to fall. The line of sight should, therefore, always be directed forward.

Care And Maintenance


If a treadmill is used regularly, it also needs regular care and maintenance (usually every three months). Hopefully, this will save repairs and extend the life of the device. You can easily maintain and maintain the treadmill yourself. Most manuals provide instructions on how to clean and maintain the treadmill. You should pay particular attention to the following tips when caring for the treadmill:

Use the right care products. The most important care product is a silicone spray, with which the lubrication can be renewed, which prevents additional wear on the belt. It cannot be said in general how often the belt should be lubricated. A grip under the edge of the treadmill ensures that it is dry there. If this is the case, the lubricating film should be renewed with a special silicone spray.
Dust and dirt. The treadmill should be regularly cleaned of dirt and dust; otherwise, the motor and the lubrication will suffer. It is best to clean the treadmill, the engine compartment, and the vicinity of the treadmill every two weeks.

This works perfectly with a vacuum cleaner. Special cleaning agents are not required for this (they attack the belt and the lubrication). It is best to clean with a slightly damp cloth.

Pay attention to the tension of the belt. The correct tension of the band is important for safe running. To do this, set the belt at a speed of 5 km / h and check whether the belt slips while running. In such a case, the clamping screws must be checked and tightened if necessary.
Maintenance information on the display. With some treadmills, a small maintenance symbol appears on display at appropriate intervals. This gives you an additional hint that the belt should be serviced.
Installation site. There are a few rules to follow when setting up the treadmill. The installation site should be dry and not exposed to direct sunlight. The surface should be as level as possible. Otherwise, the belt must be set up wobble-free using adjusting screws.

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